Lighting affects every aspect of interior design. It helps create an elegant and stylish look for your home and enhances its features in terms of its size, decors, and colors. Lighting not only affects the mood of the house alone but is a contributory factor to moods of its people as well. Hence focusing on proper lighting is important. In order to do so, lighting needs to blend in with the needs of the house and cater to specific functions.
Types of Lighting
There are 3 types of lighting that are used for specific needs around the house. And each type has specific fixtures to serve its purpose. It is recommended that you get help from your interior designer or simply ask your lighting stores for an extra hand.
Accent Lighting –This type of lighting is used to focus on a specific object or an area such as a piece of artwork or an ornament. The most common types of accent lighting fixtures include track lights, wall mounted fixtures and down-lights.
Task Lighting–Task lighting refers to lighting that is focused on certain action points such as reading, sewing, and office to be carried out. Fixtures that provide task lighting are down-lights, pendant lighting or desk lamps.
Ambient Lighting–The purpose of ambient lighting is to provide lighting to the entire room. The lighting causes a bouncing effect against the surface and in return creates an illusion of space. A few examples of fixtures that produce ambient indoor lighting are; chandeliers, wall or ceiling mounted fixtures, floor or table lamp, track lights, recessed fixtures, and down-lights. Some of the outdoor fixtures are hanging fixtures, wall lighting, post lantern, spotlight and recessed fixtures.
Importance of Lighting
Understanding the types of lighting alone is not enough, it’s important to know how lighting works with the other features of your home and how it affects those features so that you can decide on what best suits you in terms of lighting fixtures.
Space -Space is affected by both natural and artificial lighting. Poorly lit rooms look overcrowded. This would be much worse in an office setting or a house that has a number of furniture arranged close to each other. The same way brighter rooms will assist in creating a larger space visually. Though the first preference would be to increase the amount of natural light that comes in. In case if this is not an option, consider using ambient lighting fixtures.
Functionality – there should be a purpose to all of our lighting needs or else there will be a price that you pay in terms of electricity consumption. For this reason, you should carefully assess the need and use the most suited type of lighting. Ambient fixtures or task-based fixtures are more suited to address specific functional detail.
Colour Management –Light helps create an illusion of space when it’s reflected on the surface of the walls. As such, dark colors pretty much make a room cramped up, whilst light colors contribute to the opposite. Track lights, recessed lights or ambient lighting can assist in color managing interiors.
Directional Lighting – Directional lighting provides lighting helps create illumination for the room as a whole or for a specific element of the room such as a kitchen island, bookshelf or picture. Use both accent and task-based lighting for this purpose.